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Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Effect of Photodynamic Therapy and Er:YAG Laser Irradiation on Root Canals Infected with Enterococcus faecalis

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2022 Aug 2. doi: 10.1089/photob.2021.0027. Online ahead of print.


Objective: To carry out a histological and morphometric analysis of the antimicrobial effect of Er:YAG laser irradiation combined with photodynamic therapy (PDT) on root canals infected with Enterococcus faecalis. Background: PDT and Er:YAG laser irradiation may be alternatives for effective endodontic disinfection but there are no data on the combination of these therapies. Materials and methods: Forty single-rooted bovine teeth had their roots contaminated with E. faecalis for 72 h. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): group 1, irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); group 2, Er:YAG laser (λ2940 nm, 15 Hz, 100 mJ); group 3, PDT with 0.07% methylene blue as photosensitizer and laser irradiation (λ660 nm, power 40 mW, 5 min); and group 4, Er:YAG laser + PDT. After treatment, the teeth were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy to verify bacterial viability, and morphometric analysis of the images was performed. Results: The PDT and Er:YAG + PDT treatments promoted the greatest reduction in bacteria among the proposed therapies, whereas 2.5% NaOCl was the least effective in bacterial elimination. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was observed among the groups studied, except between the group combining Er:YAG and PDT and the group treated with PDT alone. Conclusions: PDT combined or not with Er:YAG laser was found to be more effective in root canal disinfection when compared with the other groups.

PMID:35917508 | DOI:10.1089/photob.2021.0027

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