Ann Pharmacother. 2022 Aug 2:10600280221113092. doi: 10.1177/10600280221113092. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To review the characteristics, efficacy, safety, pharmacoeconomics, and place in therapy of upadacitinib, a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
DATA SOURCES: PubMed (January 2003-May 2022) was searched using upadacitinib and ABT-494.
STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Human studies published in peer-reviewed publications in English were the primary sources for efficacy and safety data.
DATA SYNTHESIS: In randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical studies, upadacitinib demonstrated statistically significant improvement in RA symptoms as monotherapy and in combination with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) when compared with csDMARD monotherapy or to adalimumab or abatacept in combination with csDMARD therapy in patients with RA. American College of Rheumatology 20% response rates were 68% to 79% for upadacitinib monotherapy and 64% to 84% for upadacitinib plus csDMARD therapy, compared with 28% to 59% for csDMARD-only therapy and 63% to 74% for biologic DMARD (bDMARD) plus csDMARD therapy. Long-term extension studies demonstrated similar findings. Upadacitinib had similar rates of serious infections, herpes zoster, major cardiovascular events, and venous thromboembolic events as other JAK inhibitors. Upadacitinib was similar in cost to tofacitinib and twice as high as baricitinib based on current estimated costs to patients, but actual costs may vary.
RELEVANCE TO PATIENT CARE AND CLINICAL PRACTICE: Upadacitinib is an alternative therapy to other JAK inhibitors and bDMARDs in patients with moderate to severe RA who have had an inadequate response to a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor alone or in combination with a csDMARD.
CONCLUSIONS: Upadacitinib is an effective JAK inhibitor for use in RA.