Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2022 Aug 5:1-33. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2022.2108653. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the prevalence, risk factors and impacts of neck and back pain among supermarkets cashiers in Botswana.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among supermarkets cashiers using self-administered. Data were analysed using χ2 and logistic regression models. Statistical significance was assumed at p<0.05.
RESULTS: A total of 174 supermarkets cashiers participated in this study majority of whom were females (72%). The prevalence of lower back pain was 69%, upper back pain 53% and neck pain 37%. Increasing age was associated with neck 95% CI [1.43-5.15] and upper back 95% CI [1.43-3.60] pain. Cashiers working at low work surface and overreaching for items were 19 and 11 times more likely to report neck 95% CI [1.7-255.9] and lower back 95% CI [1.84-62.1] pain, respectively. Almost 6% of cashiers who reported lower back pain reported considering changing jobs due to pain.
CONCLUSIONS: More than two-thirds, half and about two-fifths of supermarket cashiers reported lower back, upper back and neck pain, respectively. Individual and work-related factors were associated with neck and/or back pain. Back and neck pain workers’ health and wellbeing, their families, workplace productivity and the health care system. To reduce their prevalence and progression, supermarkets should introduce occupational health and safety talks.