J Med Ultrason (2001). 2022 Aug 5. doi: 10.1007/s10396-022-01244-0. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Using simple experimental models for lung ultrasound, we evaluated the relationship of the attenuation inside the sources of vertical artifacts to the echo intensity and attenuation of artifacts.
METHODS: As sources of artifacts, we made 10 different hemispherical gel objects with two different mediums (pure agar or agar containing graphite with an attenuation coefficient of 0.5 dB/cm · MHz) and five different diameters (3.6, 5.6, 7.5, 9.5, or 11.4 mm). Ten of each hemispherical gel object were prepared for the statistical analyses. Each object was placed onto a chest wall phantom as the plane of the hemisphere was placed in an upward position. The echo intensity and attenuation of the artifact generated from each object was measured and compared.
RESULTS: For all sizes, the intensity and attenuation of the artifacts in the objects made of agar containing graphite were significantly lower and larger, respectively, than those in the objects made of pure agar. In the objects containing graphite, the intensity decreased when the frequency was changed from 5 to 9 MHz.
CONCLUSION: Based on this experiment, assessing the intensity and attenuation of vertical artifacts may help estimate the physical composition of sources of vertical artifacts in lung ultrasound.