Nevin Manimala Statistics

Comparison of HIV-related Ocular Involvement in HAART-naive and HAART-treated Patients

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2022 Aug;32(8):1033-1036. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2022.08.1033.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the HIV-related ocular manifestations between HAART-naïve (Highly active antiretroviral therapy) and HAART-treated patients.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational (comparative) Study. Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Ophthalmology and Family Care Centre of Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan, from October 2019 to July 2021.

METHODOLOGY: HIV-infected patients, who were receiving HAART treatment as well as HAART-naïve, were recruited. A complete ocular examination was performed to check for HIV-related ocular manifestations. Anterior and posterior segment findings were recorded and compared between the two groups.

RESULTS: Of the 80 participants (40 in each group), 62 (77.5%) were males and 18 (22.5) were females with no significant difference between the groups for either gender (p=1.0). A significant difference, between the two groups, was found in the mean duration (838.64 + 908.16 days) of HIV infection at the time of recruitment (p<0.001). HIV-related ocular manifestations were found in 6 (7.5%) with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=1.0). Similarly, the involvement of systemic co-infections was found in 6 (7.5%) with no statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.675).

CONCLUSION: There was no difference in both groups when analysed for HIV-related ocular manifestations or systemic co-infections. The authors’ finding contradict with some of the previously published data. Therefore, it is recommended that further research should be carried out to reach definite conclusion.

KEY WORDS: HIV, Eye manifestations, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV-related opportunistic infections, Pakistan.

PMID:35932128 | DOI:10.29271/jcpsp.2022.08.1033

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala