Nevin Manimala Statistics

Pleth Variability Index Guided Volume Optimisation in Major Gynaecologic Surgery

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2022 Aug;32(8):980-986. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2022.08.980.


OBJECTIVE: To compare conventional fluid management (CFM) with pleth variability index (PVI) guided goal-directed fluid management (GDFM) during elective total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TAH+BSO) operations.

STUDY DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences University, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, from February to July 2021.

METHODOLOGY: This trial included 78 patients aged 18-65 years with ASA I-III who would undergo elective TAH-BSO under general anaesthesia. Following randomisation with the closed envelope method, standard monitoring, and 250 ml crystalloid infusion during anaesthesia induction, maintenance fluid therapy was administered at 8-10 ml/Kg/hour to the control group and 2-3 ml/Kg/hour to the PVI group. If the mean arterial pressure (MAP) was ≤65 mmHg and/or the MAP was decreased by more than 20%, and the PVI was >13%, a 250 ml colloid bolus was given. When there was no response, a vasoactive agent was administered. Vital signs, laboratory findings, and postoperative complications were evaluated.

RESULTS: Age, weight, BMI, urine output, bleeding, hospital stay, comorbidities, intraoperative use of blood products, and complication rates were not significantly different between the PVI and CFM groups (p>0.05). The PVI group had shorter operational times and used less crystalloid than the control group (p=0.033 and p<0.001, respectively). The PVI group’s postoperative base excess (BE) levels changed significantly less than the control group’s (p<0.001). In both pre- and postoperative haemoglobin, haematocrit, urea, creatinine, electrolytes, and lactate measurements, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION: PVI-GDFM is equally safe as CFM for intraoperative fluid management during elective complete abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy procedures.

KEY WORDS: Pleth variability index, Fluid management, Base excess.

PMID:35932119 | DOI:10.29271/jcpsp.2022.08.980

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