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The Value of Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Lung Biopsy Combined With Rapid On-Site Evaluation in Diagnosis of Peripheral Pulmonary Nodules

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2022 Jan-Dec;21:15330338221118718. doi: 10.1177/15330338221118718.


Objective: To investigate the value of computed tomography-guided percutaneous lung biopsy (CT-PLB) combined with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). Methods: A total of 108 patients who diagnosed with PPLs by chest CT examination were prospectively collected and randomly divided into ROSE group (n = 56) and No-ROSE group (n = 52). Both groups received CT-PLB and pathological examination. The smear submitted for ROSE was stained using Diff Quik dye. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), number of punctures, puncture time and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results: The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of the ROSE group were 89.29%, 87.50%, 91.67%, 93.33%, and 84.62%, respectively. The number of punctures in the ROSE group was significantly lower than that in the No-ROSE group (P < .05). The incidence of pneumothorax and hemoptysis in the ROSE group were lower than those in the No-ROSE group, but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P > .05). ROSE has good concordance with routine pathological examination in the diagnosis of unidentified PPLs (Kappa = 0.786, P < .01). Conclusions: CT-PLB combined with ROSE is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of PPLs.

PMID:35930585 | DOI:10.1177/15330338221118718

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