Anal Sci. 2022 Aug 6. doi: 10.1007/s44211-022-00174-8. Online ahead of print.
An accurate, simple and safe method was developed for simultaneous determination of nitroglycerine (NG) and nitrocellulose (NC) in double base solid propellants (DB propellants). The proposed method is based on alkaline hydrolysis of NG and NC, and followed by colored reaction of released nitrite ion with p-nitroaniline in the presence of diphenylamine in acidic media and produce azo dye. The absorbance of the azo dye was measured at 534 nm. Two sets of reaction conditions were developed. In the first set, at room temperature, only NG was hydrolyzed and calibration curve obtained. In the second set, at 60 ℃, NG and NC were hydrolyzed simultaneously. Based on obtained amount for the NG at room temperature, and total amount of NG and NC at 60 ℃, the amount of NC was determined by using stoichiometric equations. The calibration curve was linear over the concentration ranges of 0.2-5.0, 0.5-10 μg mL-1 for NG and NC, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of NG and NC in DB propellants with good recoveries ranged from 99 to 101%, and RSD less than 2.0%. The method statistically compared based on t- and F-tests with those obtained in according to military standard method (MIL-STD-286). The results showed that the proposed method offers an accuracy and reliable approach for the determination of these compounds in DB propellants, and can be suggested as a routine method in military quality control laboratories.