Arch Microbiol. 2022 Aug 18;204(9):562. doi: 10.1007/s00203-022-03170-8.
Statistical optimization of aeration conditions viz. aerobic, microaerobic and anaerobic, was performed using response surface methodology (RSM) utilizing soybean meal as medium to enhance the production of laccase from Rheinheimera sp. Maximum laccase yield (18.48 × 105 U/L) was obtained under microaerobic (static) conditions sustained for 12 h in tandem with 26 h aerobically (150 rpm) grown culture, which was 17.03-fold higher than laccase production in the starting M162 medium under aerobic conditions (150 rpm). The reduction in incubation time from 72 to 38 h and utilization of cost-effective soybean meal as medium, which is easily available from local market, have provided a promising, eco-friendly method of laccase enzyme production. Enhanced expression of laccase gene under microaerobic conditions corresponded to the increased expression of fnr (fumarate nitrate reductase) gene, the oxygen sensing global regulator. The putative FNR-binding site upstream of laccase transcription initiation site was predicted to play an imperative role in Rheinheimera sp. adaptation from aerobic to microaerobic conditions and for enhanced laccase production.