Breastfeed Med. 2022 Aug 18. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2022.0056. Online ahead of print.
Objective: Breast milk is the best nutrient for newborns due to its rich dietary content, immunological factors, ease of accessibility, and affordability. Given the fact that adolescent birth rate in Turkey is high, this study examines the effects of adolescent motherhood with regard to macronutrient contents in breast milk. Study Design: We collected colostrum samples from mothers staying at our hospital. Gestational ages were ≥37 weeks. Demographic characteristics of the patients were registered. The MIRIS (Mid-Infrared Human Milk Analyzer) device was operated to analyze breast milk, adopting a spectroscopy method for measurements. Protein, fat, carbohydrate, and energy levels of the hindmilk samples were measured; thus, study groups were compared. Results: The study included 224 mothers, of whom 49 were adolescents and 125 were adults. Maternal weight and maternal body mass index, weight gain during pregnancy, mode of delivery and gestational age, as well as birth weight and gender of the infants were similar. As breast milk contents were compared, we found out that fat content levels in the colostrum of adolescent mothers were significantly higher, with respect to the other group. Protein and carbohydrate levels were lower in adolescents, even if they were not statistically significant. There was no difference between the groups in terms of energy levels. Conclusion: Adolescent motherhood may have negative influences on infant welfare. However, in terms of breast milk content quality, adult mothers are not superior to adolescents.