Intern Emerg Med. 2022 Aug 20. doi: 10.1007/s11739-022-03059-w. Online ahead of print.
Elevated aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR) has been associated with cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The clinical significance of AAR in the prognosis of stroke has yet to be established. We aimed to investigate the associations between AAR levels and clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Patients with AIS or TIA in the Third China National Stroke Registry (CNSR-III) were divided into four groups by quartiles of AAR, and two groups according to AAR < 1 and AAR ≥ 1. Multivariable Cox regression for all-cause mortality and logistic regression for poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale, mRS 3-6/2-6) were adopted to explore the associations between AAR and clinical outcomes at 3 months and 1 year. Among 10,877 included patients, the median AAR was 1.06 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.82 to 1.36). In the multivariable-adjusted model, patients in the fourth AAR quartile had higher risk of all-cause mortality within 3 months and 1 year (hazard ratio [HR] 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25 to 3.47; HR 2.26, 95% CI 1.55 to 3.27), and mRS 3-6/2-6 at 1 year (odds ratio [OR] 1.29, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.55; OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.42), compared with those in the first quartile. Similar associations were also observed when AAR ≥ 1 compared with AAR < 1. Elevated AAR was associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality and poor functional outcome after AIS or TIA, and should be carefully assessed after admission.