Biomed Res Int. 2022 Aug 12;2022:6161410. doi: 10.1155/2022/6161410. eCollection 2022.
BACKGROUND: Malaria is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions and causes up to one million deaths each year. It mostly affects sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, it was estimated that about 75% of the land and 68% of the population are exposed to malaria. The aim of the current study was to determine malaria cases, its impact on the level of hemoglobin, and parasitemia and predisposing factors among febrile patients who visited Sibu Sire Health Care centers.
METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to October, 2020. Febrile patients who visited Sibu Sire Health Care centers were purposefully selected as the target population for the present study. Blood samples were collected and thick and thin smears stained with Giemsa. Hemoglobin level was determined using HemoCue Hb 301. Structured questionnaire and SPSS statistical software were used to collect and analyze data. P value < 0.05 was stated as statistically significant.
RESULTS: The overall prevalence of malaria was 168/979 (17.2%) out of which Plasmodium falciparum was 132/168 (78.5%), Plasmodium vivax was 27/168 (16.1%), and mixed infection was 9/168 (5.4%). To assess factors associated with dependent variable and determine the strength of association, binary logistic regression was used at adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. The associations between malaria cases, hemoglobin levels, and parasitemia were estimated to evaluate the impacts of malaria on hemoglobin levels and parasitemia level. Out of 979 febrile patients (male 453 and female 526), 168 (male 99 and female 69) individuals were infected with Plasmodium species and Plasmodium falciparum were the predominant parasites. The majority of the study participants 144/168 (85.7%) were from rural residences. Highest malaria-infected patients 74/168 (44%) were aged between 15 and 30 years old. The level of hemoglobin and parasitemia was highly associated with malaria cases; hence, in this study area, intensities of hemoglobin and parasitemia are significantly associated with Plasmodium species.
CONCLUSION: There was a moderate prevalence of malaria parasitemia and hemoglobin level among patients visiting Sibu Sire Health Care center; however, it needs further intervention to prevent and control malaria transmission in this malaria hotspot area.