Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2022 Mar 31;68(3):51-58. doi: 10.14715/cmb/2022.68.3.7.
This study was to explore the mechanism of action of nanomaterial-loaded clarithromycin (CLA) after sinusitis surgery. Under the guidance of dynamic enhanced scanning (DES). 120 patients with sinusitis admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from July 2019 to March 2020 were selected and divided into a control group and an observation group according to the random number table method, with 60 cases in each group. Then, the CLA-containing nano-polylactic acid material was prepared, observed with the scanning electron microscope (SEM), and its drug release ability was tested. All patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery under general anesthesia. After the surgery was completed, patients in the control group were given only CLA capsules, and patients in the observation group were given freshly prepared nanomaterial-loaded CLA, and both groups of patients were continuously observed for two weeks. After that, the patients were examined using the dynamic enhancement computed tomography (CT). The clinical efficacy, serum interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) levels of the two groups of patients were observed. The secretions of the patients’ sinuses were performed with microbial bacterial culture, and the results were observed and recorded. Results showed that the characterization and analysis of the nano drug-carrying preparation suggested that the polylactic acid nanomembrane showed linear fiber morphology, relatively dense distribution, not greatly different fiber diameter, and small porosity. Characterization under a field of view (FOV) of 500 um showed that the fiber surface was smooth and rich in content. The release of CLA showed a gradual and steady upward trend. On the 25th day, nearly 50% of the dose had been released, and it had reached more than 90% of the total release on the 55th day. According to the statistics on the clinical efficacy of patients, it was found that the number of cured and effective patients in the observation group was higher than that of the control group, while the number of ineffective cases was much lower than that of the control group. The dynamic enhanced CT examination results of the patients in the control group after treatment showed that the soft tissue mass on the posterior right side of the nasopharynx was reduced, but the pharyngeal suture still existed; while those in the observation group showed that the plain scan density was uniform, and the mastoid air cells were clear on both sides. The number of cases with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Staphylococcus saprophyticus (S. saprophyticus), and Pasteurella multocida infections in the observation group were observably lower than those of the control group (P< 0.05), and it was the same case for the levels of serum IL-4, IL-8, and TNF-α. Conclusion: after dynamic enhanced CT scanning, it can be found that the nanomaterial-loaded CLA increased the utilization rate of the drug, showing good clinical efficacy, and effectively improved the clinical symptoms of patients, achieving the therapeutic effect.