Nevin Manimala Statistics

Clinical significance of potential drug-drug interactions in older adults with psychiatric disorders: a retrospective study

BMC Psychiatry. 2022 Aug 22;22(1):563. doi: 10.1186/s12888-022-04207-4.


BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy increases the risk of potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs). This retrospective analysis was conducted to detect pDDIs and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among older adults with psychiatric disorder, and identify pDDIs with clinical significance.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out based on the medical records of older adults with psychiatric disorders. Data on demographic characteristics, substance abuse, medical history, and medications were extracted. The Lexi-Interact online database was used to detect pDDIs. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was set as the change in the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) score between admission and discharge. The median and interquartile ranges were used for continuous variables, and frequencies were calculated for dichotomous variables. Poisson regression was implemented to determine the factors influencing the number of ADR types. The influencing factors of each ADR and the clinical significance of the severity of the ADR were analysed using binary logistic regression. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: A total of 308 older adults were enrolled, 171 (55.52%) of whom had at least 1 pDDI. Thirty-six types of pDDIs that should be avoided were found, and the most frequent pDDI was the coadministration of lorazepam and olanzapine (55.5%). A total of 26 ADRs induced by pDDIs were identified, and the most common ADR was constipation (26.05%). There was a 9.4 and 10.3% increase in the number of ADR types for each extra medical diagnosis and for each extra drug, respectively. There was a 120% increase in the number of ADR types for older adults hospitalized for 18-28 days compared with those hospitalized for 3-17 days. There was an 11.1% decrease in the number of ADR types for each extra readmission. The length of hospitalization was a risk factor for abnormal liver function (P < 0.05). The use of a large number of drugs was a risk factor for gastric distress (P < 0.05) and dizziness and fainting (P < 0.05). None of the four pDDIs, including coadministrations of olanzapine and lorazepam, quetiapine and potassium chloride, quetiapine and escitalopram, and olanzapine and clonazepam, showed clinical significance of ADR severity (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: pDDIs are prevalent in older adults, and the rate is increasing. However, many pDDIs may have no clinical significance in terms of ADR severity. Further research on assessing pDDIs, and possible measures to prevent serious ADRs induced by DDIs is needed to reduce the clinical significance of pDDIs.

PMID:35996119 | DOI:10.1186/s12888-022-04207-4

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala