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Conformity assessment of a computer vision-based posture analysis system for the screening of postural deformation

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2022 Aug 22;23(1):799. doi: 10.1186/s12891-022-05742-7.


BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the conformity of using a computer vision-based posture analysis system as a screening assessment for postural deformity detection in the spine that is easily applicable to clinical practice.

METHODS: One hundred forty participants were enrolled for screening of the postural deformation. Factors that determine the presence or absence of spinal deformation, such as shoulder height difference (SHD), pelvic height difference (PHD), and leg length mismatch (LLD), were used as parameters for the clinical decision support system (CDSS) using a commercial computer vision-based posture analysis system. For conformity analysis, the probability of postural deformation provided by CDSS, the Cobb angle, the PHD, and the SHD was compared and analyzed between the system and radiographic parameters. A principal component analysis (PCA) of the CDSS and correlation analysis were conducted.

RESULTS: The Cobb angles of the 140 participants ranged from 0° to 61°, with an average of 6.16° ± 8.50°. The postural deformation of CDSS showed 94% conformity correlated with radiographic assessment. The conformity assessment results were more accurate in the participants of postural deformation with normal (0-9°) and mild (10-25°) ranges of scoliosis. The referenced SHD and the SHD of the CDSS showed statistical significance (p < 0.001) on a paired t-test. SHD and PHD for PCA were the predominant factors (PC1 SHD for 79.97%, PC2 PHD for 19.86%).

CONCLUSION: The CDSS showed 94% conformity for the screening of postural spinal deformity. The main factors determining diagnostic suitability were two main variables: SHD and PHD. In conclusion, a computer vision-based posture analysis system can be utilized as a safe, efficient, and convenient CDSS for early diagnosis of spinal posture deformation, including scoliosis.

PMID:35996105 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-022-05742-7

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