J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022 Aug 23. doi: 10.1111/jgh.15984. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND AND AIM: As more superficial esophageal cancer (EC) patients are being treated with endoscopic resection (ER), it is important to understand the outcomes, including survival data, of patients who develop metachronous EC and head and neck cancer (HNC). We aimed to evaluate the long-term surveillance and survival outcomes of metachronous EC and HNC after esophageal ER.
METHODS: This study included 627 patients who underwent ER of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma from 2008 to 2016 and were generally followed by annual or biannual esophagogastroduodenoscopy up to 2019 at Osaka International Cancer Institute. Data on metachronous cancer development and causes of death were collected from an integrated database of hospital-based cancer registry and Vital Statistics of Japan.
RESULTS: During a median (range) follow-up period of 67.4 (3.8-142.7) months, 230 patients (36.7%) developed 500 metachronous ECs and 126 patients (20.1%) developed 239 metachronous HNCs, post-ER of index EC. The 3-year, 5-year, and 7-year cumulative incidences were 25.8%, 36.0%, and 43.6% for metachronous EC and 10.9%, 16.0%, and 26.9% for metachronous HNC, respectively. No patients died of metachronous EC, and only seven patients (1.1%) died of metachronous HNC. The 3-year, 5-year, and 7-year disease-specific survival rates were 99.8%, 99.6%, and 98.6%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidences of metachronous EC and HNC increase with time over 5 years after esophageal ER; therefore, surveillance endoscopy should be continued over 5 years. Endoscopic surveillance is useful for survivors after esophageal ER given the high incidence and extremely low mortality of metachronous EC and HNC.