Mol Cancer. 2022 Aug 23;21(1):169. doi: 10.1186/s12943-022-01631-8.
BACKGROUND: Genetic variants associated with acute side effects of radiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain largely unknown.
METHODS: We performed a two-stage genome-wide association analysis including a total of 1084 patients, where 319 individuals in the discovery stage were genotyped for 688,783 SNPs using whole genome-wide screening microarray. Significant variants were then validated in an independent cohort of 765 patients using the MassARRAY system. Gene mapping, linkage disequilibrium, genome-wide association analysis, and polygenic risk score were conducted or calculated using FUMA, LDBlockShow, PLINK, and PRSice software programs, respectively.
RESULTS: Five SNPs (rs6711678, rs4848597, rs4848598, rs2091255, and rs584547) showed statistical significance after validation. Radiotherapy toxicity was more serious in mutant minor allele carriers of all five SNPs. Stratified analysis further indicated that rs6711678, rs4848597, rs4848598, and rs2091255 correlated with skin toxicity in patients of EBV positive, late stage (III and IV), receiving both concurrent chemoradiotherapy and induction/adjuvant chemotherapy, and with OR values ranging from 1.92 to 2.66. For rs584547, high occurrence of dysphagia was found in A allele carriers in both the discovery (P = 1.27 × 10– 6, OR = 1.55) and validation (P = 0.002, OR = 4.20) cohorts. Furthermore, prediction models integrating both genetic and clinical factors for skin reaction and dysphagia were established. The area under curve (AUC) value of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were 0.657 (skin reaction) and 0.788 (dysphagia).
CONCLUSIONS: Rs6711678, rs4848597, rs4848598, and rs2091255 on chromosome 2q14.2 and rs584547 were found to be novel risk loci for skin toxicity and dysphagia in NPC patients receiving radiotherapy.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register (registration number: ChiCTR-OPC-14005257 and CTXY-140007-2).