Nevin Manimala Statistics

Issues Revisited: Shifts in Binocular Balance Depend on the Deprivation Duration in Normal and Amblyopic Adults

Ophthalmol Ther. 2022 Aug 25. doi: 10.1007/s40123-022-00560-5. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Recent studies indicate that short-term monocular deprivation increases the deprived eye’s contribution to binocular fusion in both adults with normal vision and amblyopia. In this study, we investigated whether the changes in visual plasticity depended on the duration of deprivation in normal and amblyopic adults.

METHODS: Twelve anisometropia amblyopic observers (aged 24.8 ± 2.3 years) and 12 age-matched normal observers (aged 23.9 ± 1.2 years) participated in the study. The non-dominant eye of normal observers or amblyopic eye of amblyopic observers was deprived for 30, 120, and 300 min in a randomized order. Their eye balance was measured with a phase combination task, which is a psychophysical test, before and after the deprivation. This design enabled us to measure changes induced in binocular balance as an index visual plasticity due to monocular deprivations.

RESULTS: By comparing the ocular dominance changes as a result of monocular deprivation with different deprivation durations, we found evidence that the ocular dominance changes are slightly larger after longer deprivations in both normal and amblyopic observers, albeit with a statistical significance. The changes from 120-min were significantly greater than those from 30-min deprivation in both groups. The magnitude of changes in sensory eye balance was significantly larger in normal observers than that in the amblyopic observers; however, the longevity of changes in visual plasticity was found to be more long-lasting in amblyopic observers than the normal counterparts.

CONCLUSIONS: The duration of deprivation matters in both normal and amblyopic observers. Ocular dominance imbalance that is typically observed in amblyopia can be more ameliorated with a longer duration of deprivation.

PMID:36008603 | DOI:10.1007/s40123-022-00560-5

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