J Nurs Manag. 2022 Aug 26. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13773. Online ahead of print.
AIM: This study aimed to explore the mediating effects of adversity quotient and the moderating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between the organizational climate and the work engagement of intensive care unit nurses.
BACKGROUND: A good organizational climate can contribute to a high level of work engagement. Adversity quotient and self-efficacy are the key factors affecting nurses’ work engagement, while the mechanism of these factors in the organizational climate and work engagement remains unclear. This study was conducted to contribute to the relevant field research.
METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional research design and surveyed 323 intensive care unit nurses working in a public hospital in China. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods: Pearson correlation analysis and PROCESS macro Model 7 in the regression analysis.
RESULTS: Organizational climate was positively correlated with work engagement and adversity quotient. The indirect effect of organizational climate on work engagement through adversity quotient was positive. Furthermore, self-efficacy moderated the relationship between the two factors.
CONCLUSION: Cultivating organizational climate and adversity quotients is an important strategy to improve the work engagement of intensive care unit nurses, particularly for nurses with high self-efficacy.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Administrators should make efforts to create a good organizational climate and cultivate nurses’ adversity quotients and self-efficacy to decrease their intent to leave.