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An analyzation on the characterization of frequency tuning of vestibular evoked myogenic potential in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2022 Sep;36(9):702-706. doi: 10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2022.09.010.


Objective: To explore the value of adding 1 kHz cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential(cVEMP) and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential(oVEMP) in the auxiliary diagnosis of unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 84 patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction receiving two or more vestibular function tests was conducted,29 cases of unilateral Ménière’s disease, 27 cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), 8 cases of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) with vertigo, and 20 cases of ISSHL without vertigo were included. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis to observe the difference of frequency amplitude ratio (FAR) at 500 Hz/1 kHz of cVEMP and oVEMP between the experimental and control groups. Results:①The cVEMP elicitation rates were 95.24% (80/84) and 98.81% (83/84) for 500 Hz and 1 kHz, respectively; and the oVEMP elicitation rates were 78.57% (66/84) and 91.67% (77/84) for 500 Hz and 1 kHz, respectively. ②Except for the lateral difference of FAR in oVEMP of the posterior semicircular canal BPPV group and cVEMP of the horizontal semicircular canal BPPV group (P<0.05), no significant lateral difference was observed in the other disease groups (P>0.05). Conclusion:In patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction, cVEMP and oVEMP showed different frequency tuning changes in different semicircular canal BPPV groups. Additionally, 1 kHz cVEMP and oVEMP as regular stimulation frequencies in clinical test, which has certain clinical reference significance for determining the diagnosis and prognosis of BPPV on the weak ear and in different semicircular canal involvement.

PMID:36036072 | DOI:10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2022.09.010

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