Clin Oral Investig. 2022 Aug 28. doi: 10.1007/s00784-022-04693-6. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the longevity of metal-ceramic single crowns cemented onto resin composite prosthetic cores using a self-adhesive resin cement in a prospective clinical descriptive study.
METHODS: A total of 152 teeth were endodontically treated and received resin composite prosthetic cores and metal-ceramic crowns cemented with a self-adhesive resin cement. The patients included in the sample were recalled for clinical and radiography evaluation in an up-to-106-month period after the final cementation procedures, with an average of 62 months of follow-up. 91.5% of the sample (142 teeth) were evaluated regarding the treatment survival rate, analyzed considering the loss of crown retention (crown debonding) and tooth loss as the primary outcome. In addition, post debonding, and root fracture occurrences were also recorded as secondary outcomes to evaluate the success rate of the prosthetic treatment. The aesthetic parameters were also evaluated according to the FDI criteria. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression with 95% confidence interval were applied for the statistical analysis.
RESULTS: Regarding the primary outcome, the metal-ceramic crowns cemented with self-adhesive resin cement presented a high survival rate (91.5%), with 8 crown debondings and 3 tooth losses (1 due to caries and 2 due to periodontal disease) occurring after the evaluation period. For secondary outcomes, 9 root fractures and 4 post debondings occurred, generating a success rate of 72%. All crowns had a score 1 on the FDI criteria, indicating that they were clinically excellent or very good regarding the aesthetic parameters.
CONCLUSION: The metal-ceramic crowns luted with a self-adhesive resin cement presented a survival rate of 91.5% after an average of 62 months of follow-up. Furthermore, the restorations remained aesthetically satisfactory over time, without changes that would indicate prosthetic retreatment. A success rate of 72% was obtained considering the secondary outcome, mainly related to intraradicular retainer failures (root fractures or post debonding).
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The self-adhesive resin cement is clinically indicated for cementation of metal-ceramic crowns onto resin composite prosthetic cores.