Cureus. 2022 Jul 27;14(7):e27339. doi: 10.7759/cureus.27339. eCollection 2022 Jul.
Purpose The study aimed to examine associations between the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) in clinical and neurophysiological measures to identify its predictors in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in a rehabilitation program. Methods We analyzed data from our cohort study (DEFINE cohort). We analyzed data from our KOA arm, with 107 patients, including clinical assessments, demographic data, pain scales, motor function (Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), 10 meters walk test, and 6-minute walk), balance (BBS), sleepiness (ESS), and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Electroencephalography (EEG). Results Our results showed 83.19% of patients were female with an average age of 68.6 years and an average number of days of pain was 96 days; around 31.86% were using more than five medications per day. Regarding the multimodal model to explain SF-36, the main variables relevant to the quality of life (QoL) were related to emotional aspects, such as anxiety and depression. Moreover, our study added findings with polymorphism (OPRM1/rs1799971) predicting mental aspects. Cognitive variables were important in predicting the mental health, emotional, and social support dimensions of the SF-36. In the physical domain, pain-related variables predominantly predicted QoL in these relationships. The domain of vitality significantly predicted all dimensions studied, except for mental and general health. Conclusion The results help in understanding the aspects that contribute to QoL and are discussed considering the general literature on physical rehabilitation and specific to this clinical group. Furthermore, the statistical methods allowed us to explore and effectively understand the dimensions related to QoL.