J Clin Lab Anal. 2022 Sep;36(9):e24645. doi: 10.1002/jcla.24645. Epub 2022 Aug 5.
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a prothrombotic condition which can be abnormally exaggerated in women with thrombophilia.
METHODS: In a prospective study, patients who delivered at term, by cesarean section, between 1 October 2017 and 1 December 2021, who already had a diagnosis of thrombophilia before coming to our hospital, were included in the study group (n = 80). A similar number of nonthrombophilia patients (n = 80) without any history of thrombotic events, age- and para-matched with the study group, were included in the control group. The postpartum uterine ultrasonographic scale (PUUS) values, in the first 24-48 h, were correlated with the patients’ data.
RESULTS: The P-LCR (platelet large cell ratio), was significantly higher in the treated thrombophilia group (p = 0.042). There was no correlation between PUUS and complete blood count values, coagulation factors, maternal characteristics, or fetal outcomes, except for postpartum neutrophils (p = 0.047) and postpartum platelet count (p = 0.046).
CONCLUSIONS: Postpartum uterine involution was not significantly different, after cesarean section, between treated thrombophilia patients and nonthrombophilia patients. Involution correlated only with postpartum neutrophils and postpartum platelet count.