Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Sep 9;101(36):e30498. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000030498.
To describe imaging findings of pulmonary contusions (PC) in adults and children using multidetector computed tomography (CT) scanners. We conducted a retrospective single center study. All chest multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans of victims of blunt trauma admitted to the emergency unit of a reference trauma center of Brazil between January 2015 and December 2016 were reviewed in search of opacities compatible with PC. The CT images were analyzed in conjunction with medical records, that provided demographic and clinical data. The obtained data were analyzed in the overall population and comparing children and adults. Significant P value was defined as <.05. 52.7% of patients presented bilateral opacities. Middle third, posterior and peripheral portions of the lungs were more frequently affected, in the craniocaudal, anteroposterior and axial axes, respectively. A vast majority of patients (80.6%) presented multiple opacities, whereas a minority showed subpleural sparing (26.9%) and fissure crossing (22.6%), with similar frequencies in children and adults. Children, although, more frequently presented consolidation and more diffuse lesions in the anteroposterior axis compared to adults, with statistically significant differences. PC usually are multiple and predominate in middle, posterior and peripheral portions of the lungs. Subpleural sparing and fissure crossing seems to be infrequent and have similar frequencies between children and adults. Although, there are differences between these age groups, as younger people tend to have more consolidation and diffuse opacities in the anteroposterior axis than older ones.