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Are maxillary sinus variations related to maxillary sinus diameters?

Oral Radiol. 2022 Sep 12. doi: 10.1007/s11282-022-00655-6. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: The reasons why the maxillary posterior region is challenging for dentists are its structure and anatomical variations. For this reason, it is necessary to have complete knowledge about the anatomy of this region. In dentistry, necessary information for the desired evaluation in this region can be provided by CBCT. The fact that it provides a three-dimensional evaluation and has measurement reliability emphasizes its importance in surgical applications. The septa, haller cell, and accessory ostium are variations of the maxillary sinus. There are few studies in the literature examining the relationship between maxillary sinus diameters and its variations. The aims of this study are to determine the prevalence of maxillary sinus variations and the average of maxillary sinus diameters, to examine their relationships according to age and gender, and to evaluate the effects of maxillary sinus diameters on variations.

METHODS: In this retrospective study, CBCT images of 212 patients were examined. The examined CBCT images were analysed and recorded in more than one section. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, independent t test, one-way Anova tests were used to evaluate the data.

RESULTS: As a result, a statistically significant difference was observed between the variations, gender and age groups in terms of morphometric characteristics of the maxillary sinus. The most common variation was observed to be accessory ostium.

CONCLUSIONS: The rate of patients with at least one anatomical variation was 77.8%. For this reason, a detailed analysis should be performed to avoid complications before surgical procedures are performed in the area.

PMID:36094776 | DOI:10.1007/s11282-022-00655-6

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