JAMA Surg. 2022 Sep 14. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4245. Online ahead of print.
IMPORTANCE: Same-day home recovery (SHR) is now the standard of care for many major surgical procedures and has the potential to become standard practice for benign foregut procedures (eg, hiatal hernia repair, fundoplication, and Heller myotomy).
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether SHR for patients undergoing benign foregut surgery is feasible, safe, and effective.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective cohort study took place across 19 medical centers within an integrated health care system in northern California from January 2019 through September 2021. Participants included consecutive patients undergoing elective benign foregut surgery.
EXPOSURES: Standardized SHR program.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary end point was the rate of SHR. The secondary end points were 7-day and 30-day rates of postoperative emergency department visits, hospital readmissions, and reoperations.
RESULTS: Of 1248 patients who underwent benign foregut surgery from January 2017 through September 2021, 558 were patients before implementation of the SHR program and 690 were patients postimplementation. The mean age of patients was 60 years, and 759 (59%) were female. The preimplementation SHR rate was 64 of 558 patients (11.5%) in 2018 and increased to 82 of 113 patients (72.6%) by 2021 (94/350 [26.9%] in 2019 and 112/227 [49.3%] in 2020; P < .001). There were no statistical differences in the 7-day and 30-day rates of postoperative emergency visits, hospital readmissions, and reoperations or 30-day mortality in the SHR vs non-SHR groups in the postimplementation era.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In this study, implementation of a regional SHR program among patients undergoing elective benign foregut surgery was feasible, safe, and effective. The changes in perioperative care require comprehensive patient education and full multidisciplinary support. An SHR program for benign foregut procedures has the potential to improve patient care and cost-effectiveness in care delivery.