Nevin Manimala Statistics

Translation and Validation of the Ureteral Stent Symptoms Questionnaire in Urdu

Cureus. 2022 Aug 8;14(8):e27764. doi: 10.7759/cureus.27764. eCollection 2022 Aug.


Introduction In endourology, ureteric stenting is a common procedure, and stent placement is not without adverse health consequences. A ureteric stent symptoms questionnaire (USSQ) was devised to objectively evaluate the symptoms related to it. The original questionnaire is in English and translated into various languages worldwide. We translated the questionnaire into Urdu and validated it in an Urdu-speaking population with a stent in situ. Materials and methods The English version of USSQ was translated and back-translated by experts in both languages. Content validity was checked by sending Urdu version to five experts, and their scores were used to calculate the content validity index. The final version was filled by patients with stents on three different occasions, two with stents in situ at one and two weeks post stent placement, and a third time two weeks after stent removal. Discriminant validity was checked by filling of USSQ by 64 healthy individuals. Statistical analysis was done with mean and standard deviation, Cronbach’s alpha, Spearman’s coefficient, and paired sample t-test. Results A total of 64 patients filled the complete questionnaire at all times with mean age of 35.31 ± 8.853. All subdomains of USSQ have significant drop in scores with stent in situ in comparison to post stent removal. Reliability was checked by Cronbach’s alpha in all subdomains (71.5-91.1) and test-retest reliability by Spearman’s coefficient (80.5-94.7). Symptoms change in stent in situ with post stent removal checked with paired sample t-test with a p-value of <0.005 in all domains, except body pain. Discriminant validity was checked with healthy controls, and a p-value of <0.005 was found in all subdomains of USSQ, except pain. Conclusion The Urdu version of the USSQ is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used in clinical practice and future research in an Urdu-speaking population.

PMID:36106281 | PMC:PMC9449251 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.27764

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