Nevin Manimala Statistics

HIV status disclosure and antiretroviral therapy adherence among children in Masaka region, Uganda

Afr J AIDS Res. 2022 Sep 15:1-10. doi: 10.2989/16085906.2022.2060843. Online ahead of print.


HIV-infected children are now living into adolescence and early adulthood in large numbers due to the availability and increased use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, receipt of HIV status disclosure among children remains low. We assessed the association between disclosure of HIV status and adherence to ART among children in the Masaka region of Uganda using multivariable logistic regression with generalised linear models with Poisson log-link function and robust variance in Stata software version 15.1. Data were collected from 524 assenting children aged 12-17 years between March and December 2020. Results show that, although not statistically significant, children who received disclosure of their HIV status reported improved ART adherence compared to children with no disclosure. Out-of-school children with post-primary education and children on first-line ART regimens were significantly more likely to report improved ART in both crude and adjusted analyses. Innovative interventions to promote progressive disclosure of HIV status to children on ART, in school, are needed to improve their ART adherence. There is also a need to evaluate the suitability of current counselling interventions provided to children being switched to second-line ART regimens to delay the need for third-line ART regimens.

PMID:36111384 | DOI:10.2989/16085906.2022.2060843

By Nevin Manimala

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