Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2022 Sep 14:99228221120706. doi: 10.1177/00099228221120706. Online ahead of print.
This study explored how a community health worker (CHW) within a primary care team with a HealthySteps (HS) Specialist impacted referrals to social determinant of health resources for families with children aged birth to 5 years. Medical charts with documentation of HS comprehensive services between January and June 2018 were reviewed at 3 primary care clinics: 2 with an HS Specialist (HSS Only) and 1 with an HS Specialist and CHW (HSS + CHW). Eighty-six referrals were identified, 78 of which had documented outcomes. Outcomes were categorized as successful, unsuccessful, and not documented. The HSS + CHW group had a higher rate of successful referrals (96%) than the HSS Only group (74%). Statistical analysis (χ2 = 8.37, P = .004) revealed a significant association between the referral outcome and having a CHW on a primary care team with an HS Specialist. Therefore, primary care practices should consider adapting their HS model to include CHWs.