J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2022 Sep 9. doi: 10.3233/BMR-220067. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Determining the association between radiographic spinal instability assessment and lower back lumbar diseases with lower limb symptoms can contribute to evidence-based assessment and treatment in clinical practice and rehabilitation. Therefore, radiological evidence of lumbar spine instability assessment, such as sagittal translation (ST) and segmental angulation (SA), is clinically important.
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the assessment of spinal instability in discogenic low back pain and lumbar disc herniation with leg pain using ST and SA.
METHODS: We examined 116 patients with discogenic low back pain and 112 with lumbar disc herniation with leg pain at our clinic from August 2016 to May 2021. Data on age, gender, sports activities, and occupation were collected from medical records. Additionally, ST and SA of L4 and L5 during maximum trunk flexion and extension were measured using radiography. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: Simple logistic regression analysis showed that ST and SA (odds ratio [OR]: 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.19) were associated with lumbar disc herniation. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only ST was associated with lumbar disc herniation (OR: 2.29; 95% CI: 1.78-3.00).
CONCLUSION: Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ST was associated with lumbar disc herniation with leg pain and had a stronger association than SA.