Infect Agent Cancer. 2022 Sep 20;17(1):51. doi: 10.1186/s13027-022-00464-w.
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, cancer is the leading cause of death among threats to humanity, necessitating prompt action and preparation. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and is currently treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy, among other treatments. Current oncology approaches focused on the simultaneous development of safe and effective cancer multi-agent therapies. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a combined extracts of heated TC1, a heat-killed preparation of Lactobacillus casei, and alpha-galactosyl ceramide (α-GalCer) in a mouse model of cervical cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cervical cancer in the mouse model was prepared by TC1 cells subcutaneous injection into the left flank of female C57BL/6 mouse aged 6-8 weeks (n = 80). After the appearance of the palpable tumor, the mice with cervical cancer were randomly devoted to 8 (ten-member) groups. The mice in some groups were treated with PBS, TC1 cell extract, L. casei extract, α-GalCer, and a combination of the mentioned treatments. Then, they were evaluated the splenocytes proliferation, lactate dehydrogenase production and nitric oxide. Moreover, IL-4, IFN-γ, and TGF-β cytokine levels of splenocytes supernatant the mice were measured. In all evaluations, a statistical difference of less than 0.05 (P ˂ 0.05) was considered as a significant level.
RESULT: The findings revealed that the combination therapy group (heated TC1 cell and L. casei extracts with α-GalCer) significantly increases the splenocytes proliferation (MTT) (0.358 ± 0.04 OD), LDH production (45.9 ± 2.3 U/L), NO rate (38.4 ± 2.8 µM), and IFN-γ cytokine level (46.6 ± 3.7 pg/ml) (P < 0.05). Also, observes a significantly reduces the production of IL-4 (11.6 ± 2.5 pg/ml) and TGF-β cytokines levels (7.8 ± 2.5 pg/ml) (P < 0.05) in comparison to the control group.
CONCLUSION: The study showed that combination therapy of L. casei and α-GalCer is an efficient treatment for cervical cancer in the mouse model.