Res Vet Sci. 2022 Sep 11;152:458-464. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2022.09.008. Online ahead of print.
Anaplasma capra is a tick-borne pathogen that was discovered for the first time in goats in China in 2012. The studies carried out from the first detection in China to the present have revealed the presence of this species in eight countries including Angola, France, Iranian, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Spain, and Türkiye in three continents (Africa, Asia, and Europe). It has also been determined that humans, sheep, cattle, dog, and wild animals are the hosts of A. capra. It was investigated whether water buffaloes were the host of A. capra using nested-PCR and DNA sequencing in this study. The prevalence of A. capra in Turkish water buffalo herds was investigated and phylogenetic analyzes were performed on the basis of gltA, groEL, and 16S rRNA genes. A total of 364 water buffalo blood samples were examined in terms of A. capra using gltA gene species-specific nested-PCR. A. capra were detected in 52 of 364 (14.28%) blood samples. There was no statistically significant difference between the prevalence, gender, and age parameters. The gltA, groEL, and 16S rRNA genes in randomly selected three positive samples were sequenced. A. capra isolates obtained from water buffaloes in this study shared 85.20-100%(gltA), 89.84-100%(groEL), and 99.82-100%(16S rRNA) nucleotide similarity with A.capra isolates present in GeneBank. Phylogenetic analyses of gtlA and groEL genes revealed that A. capra divided in two different genogroups. In conclusion, this study revealed that water buffalo is a new host of A. capra. However, comprehensive studies are needed to determine the pathogenicity, vectors, and biological properties of A. capra in this new host.