Int Ophthalmol. 2022 Sep 23. doi: 10.1007/s10792-022-02518-9. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of corneal anterior, posterior, and total higher-order aberrations in keratoconic eyes.
METHODS: We enrolled 94 patients (152 eyes) with mild keratoconus (Group 1), 64 patients (101 eyes) with moderate keratoconus (Group 2), and 32 patients (52 eyes) with advanced keratoconus (Group 3) according to the Amsler-Krumeich classification system; 99 healthy controls (197 normal eyes) were likewise enrolled. Anterior, posterior, and total corneal higher-order aberrations were assessed using a rotating Scheimpflug camera. The 3rd-order and 4th-order root-mean-square values were calculated for higher-order aberrations, including coma, spherical, and trefoil aberrations. Differences between keratoconic and normal eyes were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis tests. Receiver operating characteristic curves were evaluated for the keratoconus and control groups.
RESULTS: The differences in coma 90, coma, trefoil, and spherical aberrations, as well as 3rd-order and 4th-order root-mean-square values, were statistically significant between the keratoconus and control groups for all anterior, posterior, and corneal aberrations. The absolute values of these higher-order aberrations were higher in the keratoconus groups than in the control group and increased with keratoconus severity in Groups 1-3. Coma and 3rd-order RMS values showed excellent sensitivity and specificity for discriminating between normal and keratoconus eyes for all anterior, posterior, and corneal aberrations.
CONCLUSION: Coma aberrations and 3rd-order root-mean-square values may be valuable for diagnosing keratoconus. Combining these data with topography information may enable the effective and efficient detection of keratoconus in the future.