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The quality of parenting in reproductive donation families: A meta-analysis and systematic review

Reprod Biomed Online. 2022 Aug 14:S1472-6483(22)00636-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2022.08.099. Online ahead of print.


This review examined whether the absence of a genetic link with one or both parents in families using reproductive donation induced a different quality of parenting from that found in families with spontaneous conception or autologous assisted reproductive technology (AUT-ART), where the genetic mother carries the pregnancy and both parents have a genetic link with their children. MEDLINE, PsycINFO and PubMed were searched for English-language studies published from January 1993 to October 2021. A total of 45 studies were included in the systematic review, and 11 in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that in reproductive donation families, where there was no genetic link between parents and children, there were higher positive parental values (P = 0.007) and lower negative parental values (P = 0.007) than for parents and children in families that had spontaneously conceived. No statistically significant differences emerged when the reproductive donation families were compared with the AUT-ART families. The study showed that the quality of parenting was not conditioned by the presence or absence of a genetic link; instead, it was influenced by the processes underlying family building, such as the desire to have a child, the involvement of both parents in the childcare and the quality of disclosure.

PMID:36274013 | DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2022.08.099

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