Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2022 Oct 20:S0901-5027(22)00415-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2022.10.003. Online ahead of print.
Three-dimensional positional changes of the temporomandibular joint after mandible reconstruction using microvascular fibula flaps were investigated in 58 patients. The results of preoperative virtually planned surgery, intraoperative resection- and cutting-guided surgery, and non-guided surgery were compared. Pre- and postoperative computed tomography data of each patient were processed and superimposed digitally. The condyle deviations and rotations along the axes and planes of the skull, as well as Euclidean distances, were determined. Reliability analyses, descriptive statistics, and non-parametric tests were performed with the alpha level set at P = 0.05. Reliability proved to be excellent for all variables. The median Euclidean distance was 2.07 mm for the left condyle and 2.11 mm for the right condyle. Deviations of ≥ 10 mm occurred in nine (16%) cases. The maximum deviation occurred in the horizontal plane and the least deviation in the sagittal plane. Median rotation was ≤ 1.4° around all axes. The condylar displacements did not differ significantly between the different surgical techniques investigated. The three-dimensional measurement method applied is highly reliable for evaluating the three-dimensional condylar position after mandibular reconstruction.