Aesthet Surg J. 2022 Oct 25:sjac273. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjac273. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The main disadvantages of wearing a compression garment following abdominoplasty are the increase in intra-abdominal pressure and risk of venous stasis. On the one hand, the wearing of garments may increase the risk of venous thromboembolism. On the other hand, it may be beneficial in decreasing edema formation after surgery.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of compression garments in reducing subcutaneous edema after abdominoplasty.
METHODS: Thirty-two women aged from 19 to 50 years were selected and randomly allocated to either the garment (n = 16) or no-garment (n = 16) group. All patients underwent abdominoplasty and received 10 sessions of manual lymphatic drainage during the postoperative period. Postoperative edema formation was assessed by perimetry and bioimpedance, and seroma formation was assessed by ultrasound. The statistical tests included Student’s t test, mixed linear models, analysis of variance with repeated measures, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, which were performed at a significance level α of 0.05 (p ≤ 0.05).
RESULTS: The no-garment group showed a trend toward lower mean waist circumference (WC) at 29 days following abdominoplasty and significantly lower WC after postoperative day 35 compared to values from the garment group (p < 0.001). The mean total body water was slightly lower in the no-garment group than in the garment group 7 days after surgery (p = 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who did not wear a compression garment after abdominoplasty showed less subcutaneous edema formation after 24 days of surgery than those who wore the garment.