Nevin Manimala Statistics

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the COVID-19 epidemic in Mexico: Quintana Roo case

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2022 Oct 25;60(6):657-665.


OBJECTIVE: Identify risk factors for severe outcome in Mexican patients with COVID-19 in the population of Quintana Roo.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study of 5,916 who met the criteria for suspected cases of COVID-19, 2,531 confirmed by qrTPCR-Sars-CoV-2 tests, of which 1,486 were positive, among which they were classified as hospitalized (severe COVID-19) and outpatients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the factors associated with the severity of COVID-19 and death as clinical outcomes. The basic reproduction number (R0) was calculated Statistical analysis) Endorsement of the ethics committee 2301.

RESULTS: SARS-CoV-2 positive patients presented a high prevalence of hypertension 29.1%, diabetes 23.5%, obesity 24%, and 48.5% have at least one chronic disease. There is a high risk of severity for COVID-19 in patients with diabetes OR=3.14, hypertension OR=1.88, obesity OR=1.68, kidney disease OR=3.2, older than 65 years OR=13.6 and men OR=1.7. These factors also increase the risk of death up to 7.7 times. The maximum R0 during the epidemic was 2.4.

CONCLUSION: Liver and kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity are significantly associated with severe COVID-19 and death.


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