Int Angiol. 2022 Oct 26. doi: 10.23736/S0392-9590.22.04958-6. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: SCORE2 and SCORE2-OP algorithms and associated online calculators provide a new and easy method of estimating the 10-year cardiovascular risk in apparently healthy Europeans. The aim of the study was to determine the performance of these algorithms in terms of discrimination and calibration in the cohort of the Cyprus Epidemiological Study on Atherosclerosis (CESA), not only for the 10-year risk for myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and cardiovascular death, but also for all types of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events (ASCVE).
METHODS: SCORE2 and SCORE2-OP for low-risk regions were calculated in a non-diabetic subset of CESA consisting of 908 people (mean age±SD: 57.8±10.5; range 40-89; 58.8% female) using baseline risk factors. Mean follow-up was 13.2±3.7 years (range 1-17) with 89 primary endpoints (MI, stroke and cardiovascular death) and 136 secondary endpoints (primary endpoints, angina, cardiac failure, coronary revascularisation, transient ischaemic attack, claudication and critical limb ischaemia).
RESULTS: The C-statistic for the prediction of the primary endpoint for all ages was 0.76 (95% CI 0.70 to 0.81) and the observed 10-year event rate was similar to the predicted one. However, the observed 10-year rate for secondary events was similar to the estimated one only when the algorithm for highrisk regions was used.
CONCLUSIONS: SCORE2 and SCORE2-OP moderate risk algorithms performs well in the Cypriot population for predicting the 10-year risk for MI, stroke and fatal cardiovascular disease. However, an estimate of the 10-year risk for all ASCVD events is best calculated from the high-risk algorithm.