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Peptide Tyrosine-Tyrosine Triggers GLP-2-Mediated Intestinal Hypertrophy After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Obes Surg. 2022 Oct 27. doi: 10.1007/s11695-022-06328-x. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE : Intestinal remodeling and adaptation of the alimentary limb after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) play an important role in the pathophysiological events that lead to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) improvement. Intestinal absorptive loop hypertrophy and growth following surgery have been related to GLP-2 secretion by ileal L-cells. The secretion of peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) enterohormone after a meal has been proposed as a trigger for ileal secretion of GLP-1. Our aim is to determine the role of PYY as a GLP-2 secretion modulator as an adaptation result in the alimentary limb after RYGB.

METHOD: We used a non-obese euglycemic rodent model. Circulating glucose, insulin, PYY, and GLP-2 were measured in the experimental and control groups. We used four groups: fasting control, Sham-operated, RYGB-operated (RYGB), and RYGB-operated and treated with BIIE0246 (RYGB + BII). BIIE0246 is a NPY2 receptor antagonist in L-cells. Intestinal glucose transporters and GLP-1 and PYY gut expression and hypertrophy were analyzed after 12 weeks of surgery.

RESULTS: RYGB increased PYY3-36 plasma levels in rats with or without BII treatment. A high-insulin response was observed in the RYGB group but not in the control or RYGB + BII groups. BIIE0246 treatment limited plasma GLP-2 levels. In the alimentary intestinal limb, hypertrophy and SGLT1 and GLUT1 expression appeared to be reduced after RYGB compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: The postprandial ileal PYY secretion is enhanced after RYGB. This increase mediates GLP-2 release through its binding to the Y2 receptor on L-cells. This mechanism plays a role in alimentary limb hypertrophy after surgery.

PMID:36301409 | DOI:10.1007/s11695-022-06328-x

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