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The combination of ulinastatin and somatostatin reduces complication rates in acute pancreatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Sci Rep. 2022 Oct 26;12(1):17979. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-22341-7.


Currently, there is no specific pharmaceutical agent for treating acute pancreatitis (AP). Somatostatin and its analogues have been used to prevent the autolysis of the pancreas in AP, however, their effectiveness has not been confirmed. This investigation aimed to examine the efficacy of ulinastatin, a protease inhibitor, combined with somatostatin analogues in the treatment of AP. We conducted a systematic database search in 4 databases to identify randomized controlled trials in which the efficacy of ulinastatin in combination with somatostatin analogue was compared to somatostatin analogue alone in patients with AP. Since the patient populations of analysed papers were slightly different, we used random effect models to pool odds ratios (OR) and mean differences (MD) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). A total of 9 articles comprising 1037 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The combination therapy significantly reduced the complication rates for acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney injury, and multiple organ dysfunction. Symptoms were relieved threefold with the combination therapy compared to somatostatin alone, and combination therapy significantly shortened the length of hospital stay. The decrease in mortality was not statistically significant..

PMID:36289288 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-22341-7

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