Int J Health Plann Manage. 2022 Oct 30. doi: 10.1002/hpm.3588. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Intermittent Preventive Therapy using Sulfadoxine Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is a malaria control strategy to reduce cases of malaria in pregnancy in endemic countries. However, the administration of the recommended three doses of Intermittent Preventive Therapy (IPTp) throughout the stages of pregnancy still remains low in Nigeria. Limited knowledge by health workers on the administration of the recommended doses of IPTp to pregnant women receiving antenatal care (ANC) services is partly responsible for this gap. This study applied Quality Improvement (QI) approach to improve knowledge and practice among healthcare providers with respect to the administration of IPTp-SP.
METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was carried out to evaluate the effect of QI approach consisting of training and coaching of healthcare providers to improve the administration of IPTp during ANC services. Primary Healthcare Centre Samaru was purposively selected and 11 healthcare providers participated in the study. The total duration of the intervention was for a period of 4 weeks which comprises of four training sessions conducted over a period of 2 weeks and four coaching sessions conducted for a period of another 2 weeks. The training package involved the use of the Information, Education and Communication approach of healthcare providers on IPTp administration while the coaching package involved supervision and follow-up meetings guiding healthcare providers on the protocol of IPTp administration. Antenatal care daily register was reviewed pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention period of the study. Data were analysed using line graphs and run charts.
RESULTS: A total of 36 ANC visit weeks were observed between 21 November 2016 and 27 July 2017. There was overestimation of first dose of IPTp (IPTp1) as 8 of the 16 Weeks in the pre-intervention period had more than 100% of eligible women administered IPTp1. There was evidence indicating the process of IPTp1 was relatively stable post-intervention as the data crosses the median line only six times that is, 7 runs. This indicates that the process of IPTp1 was within normal variation over the post-intervention period. The patterns of IPTp2+ administrations shows the levels of IPTp2+ administration were erratic. There was an upward shift showing immediate improvement of the administration of IPTp2+ post-intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: The integrated training and coaching intervention approach improved the administration of the recommended three doses of IPTp within the context of a Primary Healthcare Centre. The data quality of the ANC daily register improved post-intervention.