Nevin Manimala Statistics

Understanding ASPECTS of stroke: Inter-rater reliability between emergency medicine physician and radiologist in a rural setup

Neuroradiol J. 2022 Oct 31:19714009221114445. doi: 10.1177/19714009221114445. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: The purpose is to determine the inter-rater reliability in grading ASPECTS score, between emergency medicine physician at first contact and radiologist among patients with acute ischemic stroke.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 765 acute ischemic stroke cases referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis in a rural-based hospital in South India, during January 2017 to October 2021. Non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) scans of the brain were performed using GE Bright Speed Elite 128 Slice CT Scanner. ASPECTS score was calculated separately by an emergency medicine physician and radiologist. Inter-rater reliability for total and dichotomized ASPECTS (≥6 and <6) scores were assessed using statistical analysis (ICC and Cohen ĸ coefficients) on SPSS software (v17.0).

RESULTS: Inter-rater agreement for total and dichotomized ASPECTS was substantial (ICC 0.79 and Cohen ĸ 0.68) between the emergency physician and the radiologist. Mean difference in ASPECTS between the two readers was only 0.15 with standard deviation of 1.58. No proportionality bias was detected. The Bland-Altman plot was constructed to demonstrate the distribution of ASPECTS differences between the two readers.

CONCLUSION: Substantial inter-rater agreement was noted in grading ASPECTS between emergency medicine physician at first contact and radiologist, thereby confirming its robustness even in a rural setting.

PMID:36316159 | DOI:10.1177/19714009221114445

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