BMC Cancer. 2022 Nov 4;22(1):1130. doi: 10.1186/s12885-022-10209-y.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate occupational risk variation in the incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) in a large population-based cohort of the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) study.
METHODS: This study is based on a cohort of almost 15 million persons from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, with 2898 nasopharyngeal cancer cases diagnosed in 1961-2005. The data on occupations were gathered from population censuses and cancer data from the national cancer registries. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using the national NPC incidence rates as the reference.
RESULTS: There were 1980 male and 918 female NPC patients. The highest SIRs of NPC were observed among male waiters (SIR 3.69, 95% CI 1.91-6.45) and cooks and stewards (SIR 2.24, 95% CI 1.16-3.91). Among women, launderers had the highest SIR of NPC (2.04, 95% CI 1.02-3.65). Significantly decreased SIRs were found among male farmers (SIR 0.79, 95% CI 0.68-0.92) and male textile workers (SIR 0.49, 95% CI 0.22-0.93).
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that NPC may be associated with several work-related exposure agents such as smoking, kitchen air pollution and solvents. In future, occupational exposure-risk relations should be studied to understand more about causality and to assess effective prevention strategies.