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Impact of cystectomy versus ablation for endometrioma on ovarian reserve: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Fertil Steril. 2022 Nov 2:S0015-0282(22)01382-6. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2022.08.860. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether cystectomy or ablation for endometrioma has less impact on ovarian reserve as evaluated by antral follicle count (AFC) and antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels.

DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

SETTING: Not applicable.

PATIENT(S): Patients with endometriomas undergoing cystectomy or ablation.

INTERVENTION(S): All prospective studies comparing cystectomy with ablation for endometrioma in the PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Web of Science until April 3, 2022 were retrieved and reviewed. Medical treatment used as adjuvant therapy for the surgery was excluded. Two authors assessed eligibility and risk of bias independently. The statistical data were pooled using the Review Manager software.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The changes of AMH levels and AFC values in cystectomy group and ablation group, including intergroup comparisons and intragroup comparisons.

RESULT(S): Four randomized clinical trials and 2 prospective cohort studies were eligible for the meta-analysis, with a total of 294 patients. In the intergroup comparisons, preoperative AFC values were similar with low heterogeneity, but postoperative AFC values were significantly lower in cystectomy than ablation (mean differences [MD], -1.33; 95% credible interval, -2.15 to -0.51; I2 = 57%). In the intragroup comparisons of AFC values, sensitivity analyses showed a significant decrease in cystectomy (MD, -1.93; 95% credible interval, -2.40 to -1.45; I2 = 0%) at 6-month follow-up, compared with no reduction in ablation. The intragroup comparisons of AMH levels supported negative effects on ovarian reserve of both cystectomy (MD, -1.26; 95% credible interval, -1.64 to -0.88; I2 = 45%) and ablation (MD, -0.70; 95% credible interval, -1.07 to -0.32; I2 = 0%).

CONCLUSION(S): Both ablation and cystectomy have significantly detrimental effects on ovarian reserve as evaluated by AMH, but the ablation causes relatively less damage to ovarian reserve as appraised by AFC.


PMID:36334993 | DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2022.08.860

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