Ophthalmol Ther. 2022 Nov 6. doi: 10.1007/s40123-022-00606-8. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated vault changes in eyes implanted with an implantable Collamer lens (ICL) with a central hole (ICL V4c) for myopia and astigmatism correction as well as factors related to vault changes over time.
METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 169 myopic eyes from 169 patients (137 women and 32 men) who underwent ICL V4c implantation to correct myopia and astigmatism. Vault values were measured quantitatively using a rotating Scheimpflug camera. Each patient underwent at least four postoperative follow-up visits at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and more than 2 years. We compared postoperative values between groups and identified factors affecting vault changes over time.
RESULTS: The mean vaults at 1 month (baseline), 6 months, 1 year, and the last follow-up time following ICL implantation were 540.83 ± 186.13, 520.00 ± 196.08, 503.79 ± 198.30, and 471.42 ± 211.35 μm, respectively. Eyes with baseline vaults of 250-750 and ≥ 750 μm exhibited a trend of vault decrease over time, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05) at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, respectively. The variables relevant to the value of vault decrease between baseline and last follow-up time were anterior chamber depth (ACD) and ICL power (adjusted R2 = 0.121, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: We found a trend of decreased mean objective vault values over time, which was more obvious in eyes with higher baseline vault values. The vault value of the ICL decreased more in eyes with shallower ACDs, higher ICL power, or both. Moreover, the decrease in vault values became statistically significant earlier in eyes with higher baseline vaults or shallower ACDs.