Nevin Manimala Statistics

Individual dynamic prediction and prognostic analysis for long-term allograft survival after kidney transplantation

BMC Nephrol. 2022 Nov 7;23(1):359. doi: 10.1186/s12882-022-02996-0.


BACKGROUND: Predicting allograft survival is vital for efficient transplant success. With dynamic changes in patient conditions, clinical indicators may change longitudinally, and doctors’ judgments may be highly variable. It is necessary to establish a dynamic model to precisely predict the individual risk/survival of new allografts.

METHODS: The follow-up data of 407 patients were obtained from a renal allograft failure study. We introduced a landmarking-based dynamic Cox model that incorporated baseline values (age at transplantation, sex, weight) and longitudinal changes (glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria, hematocrit). Model performance was evaluated using Harrell’s C-index and the Brier score.

RESULTS: Six predictors were included in our analysis. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival at baseline showed an overall 5-year survival rate of 87.2%. The dynamic Cox model showed the individual survival prediction with more accuracy at different time points (for the 5-year survival prediction, the C-index = 0.789 and Brier score = 0.065 for the average of all time points) than the static Cox model at baseline (C-index = 0.558, Brier score = 0.095). Longitudinal covariate prognostic analysis (with time-varying effects) was performed.

CONCLUSIONS: The dynamic Cox model can utilize clinical follow-up data, including longitudinal patient information. Dynamic prediction and prognostic analysis can be used to provide evidence and a reference to better guide clinical decision-making for applying early treatment to patients at high risk.

PMID:36344916 | DOI:10.1186/s12882-022-02996-0

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