Global Spine J. 2022 Nov 9:21925682221139813. doi: 10.1177/21925682221139813. Online ahead of print.
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective study.
OBJECTIVE: The influence of central sensitization (CS) on neurological symptoms and surgical outcomes in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of preoperative CS on surgical outcomes of patients with DCM following posterior decompression surgery.
METHODS: 77 consecutive patients with DCM (mean age 67.1) who received posterior decompression surgery were included in this study. The participants completed CS inventory (CSI) scores and the following patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively: the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for cervical myelopathy and JOA cervical myelopathy evaluation questionnaire (JOACMEQ) for cervical spinal diseases. The association of preoperative CSI scores with preoperative and postoperative PROMs was analyzed, and their changes were statistically evaluated.
RESULTS: The preoperative CSI score was significantly decreased at 12 months postoperatively, and it was significantly associated with the JOA score and JOACMEQ preoperatively and at 12 months postoperatively. However, no significant association was observed between preoperative CSI and the postoperative change of any PROMs at 12 months. The posterior decompression surgery significantly improved the JOA scores and ‘lower extremity function’ and ‘quality of life (QOL)’ domains of the JOACMEQ, independent of the severity of preoperative CSI score. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that preoperative CSI was significantly associated with the ‘QOL’ domain of JOACMEQ and original JOA score at 12 months postoperatively.
CONCLUSION: The CSI score can be an auxiliary indicator of surgical outcomes of patients with DCM following posterior decompression surgery.