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Risk Factors Affecting the Outcomes of CT-Guided Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation of Thoracic Sympathetic Nerve in the Treatment of Primary Palm Hyperhidrosis

Pain Physician. 2022 Nov;25(8):E1219-E1228.


BACKGROUND: Primary palm hyperhidrosis (PPH) is a chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled palm-sweating exceeding physiological needs. It negatively impacts the quality of life of the patients and can lead to different degrees of psychological problems. Currently, there are a variety of treatment options for PPH, of which thoracotomy is a first-line treatment that has shown good efficacy. However, since it is an invasive procedure requiring general anesthesia and is often associated with high costs and serious complications, better alternatives should be explored. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous puncture of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RF-TC) of the thoracic sympathetic nerve is a promising alternative treatment. It is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed under local anesthesia and is associated with rapid recovery. However, the factors affecting the duration of the surgery-related benefits and outcomes of CT-guided percutaneous RF-TC of the thoracic sympathetic nerve are unclear.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors influencing the outcomes of CT-guided percutaneous RF-TC of the thoracic sympathetic nerve in patients with PPH.

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study.

SETTING: This study was conducted at the Pain Department of Jiaxing University Affiliated Hospital (Jiaxing, China).

METHODS: After approval by the Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing College, the data of 232 corresponding patients were assessed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with PPH and to construct a nomogram for predicting postoperative recurrence. Time-independent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to assess the nomogram’s predictive capacity.

RESULTS: In the one-year survival analysis model, gender (HR = 1.573, 95%CI: 0.844 to 2.934), age (HR = 0.965, 95%CI: 0.915 to 1.018), disease course (HR = 0.960, 95%CI: 0.908 to 1.015), palm temperature difference (HR = 0.377, 95%CI: 0.287 to 0.495), perfusion index difference (HR = 0.590, 95%CI: 0.513 to 0.680) and hyperhidrosis disease severity scale (HR = 1.963, 95%CI: 0.769 to 5.011) were identified as statistically significant factors in univariate analysis, while palm temperature difference (HR = 0.589, 95%CI: 0.369 to 0.941) and perfusion index difference (HR = 0.357, 95%CI: 0.588 to 0.968) were the independent factors in the multivariate Cox proportional hazards risk model. In the 2-year survival analysis model, palm temperature difference (HR = 0.353, 95%CI: 0.261 to 0.478), perfusion index difference (HR = 0.589, 95%CI: 0.510 to 0.680) and hyperhidrosis disease severity scale (HR = 1.964, 95%CI: 0.771 to 5.006) were the statistically significant factors while palm temperature difference (HR = 0.507, 95%CI: 0.321 to 0.799) and perfusion index difference (HR = 0.789, 95%CI: 0.625 to 0.995) were the independent factors.

LIMITATIONS: This single-center retrospective study was limited by its small sample size, short follow-up time, and the possibility of bias resulting from the non-random patient selection.

CONCLUSION: Palm temperature difference and perfusion index difference were independent risk factors associated with prolonging the surgical benefits and reducing postoperative recurrence of CT-guided RF-TC of the sympathetic nerves in patients with PPH.


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