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Outcome of Selective Root Canal Retreatment – a retrospective study

Int Endod J. 2022 Nov 20. doi: 10.1111/iej.13871. Online ahead of print.


AIM: Selective root canal retreatment is when the treatment is limited to root(s) with radiographic evidence of periapical pathosis. The goals of this retrospective study were as follows: i) evaluate the clinical and radiographic (periapical radiographs (PR) or cone beam computerised tomographs (CBCT)) outcome of selective root canal retreatment after ≥ 12 months follow-up; ii) evaluate the periapical status of the unretreated roots; iii) assess tooth survival.

METHODS: A retrospective study (January 2018 to April 2021) was conducted to identify permanent multirooted teeth that underwent selective root canal retreatment. Clinical records, PR and CBCT were examined to ascertain variables of interest. Outcomes (per root and per tooth) were classified into “favourable” or “unfavourable” using well-established clinical and radiographic healing criteria. Treatment outcomes for the whole tooth and per root were compared as well as bivariate associations between the treatment outcome of the retreated roots and the treatment-related parameters (quality of root filling, sealer extrusion, iatrogenic mishaps, type of restoration) were analysed using Fisher’s exact test (α = 0.05). Survival was recorded in months.

RESULTS: A total of 75 teeth (195 roots) in 75 subjects were available for outcome analysis. The favourable outcome per tooth was 86.7%. At follow-up, 92.6% of the retreated roots had a favourable outcome. From the unretreated roots, 3.5% showed radiographic signs of an emerging periapical lesion. No statistical difference was shown between the outcomes per root and per tooth between both groups. None of the treatment-related parameters had a direct influence on the outcome of the retreated roots. The survival rate at 12-48 months after retreatment was 91.5%.

CONCLUSIONS: Selective root canal retreatment is associated with a favourable outcome in a majority of cases. Untreated roots rarely developed radiographic signs of a new periapical lesion at follow-up. Future high-quality clinical trials with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are required to confirm these findings.

PMID:36403111 | DOI:10.1111/iej.13871

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