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Effect of temporary cements and their removal methods on the bond strength of indirect restoration: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Clin Oral Investig. 2022 Nov 24. doi: 10.1007/s00784-022-04790-6. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: For a conventional indirect restoration, temporary cementation inevitably contaminated collapsed dentin collagen. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the optimal strategy for minimizing its negative effects.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for in vitro studies, involving the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS), different temporary cements, and their removal strategies on dentin bond strength. The meta-analysis used the inverse variance method with effect method of the standardized mean difference and statistical significance at p ≤ 0.05. The I2 value and the Q-test were used to assess the heterogeneity.

RESULTS: A total of 14 in vitro trials were subjected to the meta-analysis. Within the study’s limitations, we assumed that IDS eliminated the negative effects of temporary bonding, achieving the comparable immediate bond strength with the control (p = 0.46). In contrast, under delayed dentin sealing (DDS), temporary cementation statistically decreased bond strength (p = 0.002). Compared with resin-based and non-eugenol zinc oxide cements, polycarboxylate and calcium hydroxide cements performed better on bond strength with no statistical difference from the control group (p > 0.05). Among the removal methods of temporary cements, the Al2O3 abrasion restored the decreased bond strength (p = 0.07) and performed better than hand instruments alone (p = 0.04), while pumice removal slightly reduced the bond strength in contrast with the control group (p = 0.05, 95% CI = – 1.62 to 0).

CONCLUSIONS: The choices of IDS, polycarboxylate and calcium hydroxide temporary cements, Al2O3 abrasion removal method were feasible and efficient to enhance the bond strength.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is worthwhile applying IDS technique, polycarboxylate and calcium hydroxide temporary cements during indirect restoration. The Al2O3 abrasion of cleaning dentin can minimize the negative effects of temporary cement.

PMID:36422719 | DOI:10.1007/s00784-022-04790-6

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